Oral Communicative Competence: Explicit Teaching and Systematic Practice in Portuguese L1 Classes: Impact of a Program Implemented in Middle School (73487)

Session Information: Language Development & Literacy
Session Chair: Carla Cristina Fernandes Monteiro

Saturday, 23 September 2023 14:10
Session: Session 3
Room: Room C (Live Stream)
Presentation Type:Live-Stream Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 2 (Europe/Madrid)

Oral language skills support not only the oral communicative competence itself but also reading skills. However, the development of oral communicative competence has not received, from research, the same attention as reading, or even writing, did. The main goal of this study was to examine the effect of the oral skills training program “Communication and Oral Expression: speaking, listening, and reading in middle school” on 7th-grade students’ oral communicative competence (verbal, paraverbal, and non-verbal sub-skills). Possible effects on students’ vocabulary knowledge were also considered. This quasi-experimental study design, involving an experimental and a control group, comprises a sample of 122 students from two public middle schools located in the North of Portugal, with ages ranging between 11 and 16. Verbal, paraverbal, and nonverbal skills were taught and practiced for seven months. These skills were assessed four times (pre-test, two intermediate measures, and post-test). A vocabulary test was administered as a pre-test to check students’ vocabulary knowledge, being also assessed at the end of the intervention program (post-test). Multivariate and univariate analyses of covariance tests showed a significant and large effect of the group on students’ oral communicative performances at the end of the intervention, after controlling for the effect of the pre-test results. The results of a Mixed ANOVA showed that there was a significant improvement in the experimental group concerning vocabulary knowledge. These results highlight the importance of speaking skills practice within educative settings for the development of children’s oral communicative competence and vocabulary knowledge.

Authors:
Carla Monteiro, Escola Superior de Educação Paula Frassinetti, Portugal


About the Presenter(s)
Professor Carla Monteiro is a University Assistant Professor/Lecturer at Escola Superior de Educação Paula Frassinetti in Portugal

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00